Het gebied kent talrijke boeddhistische kloosters, kapellen en heiligdommen daterend van de 3e tot de 5e eeuw n.
Chr., maar ook versterkte bouwwerken uit de Islamitische periode.
Source: Brief synthesis Enclosed between the high mountains of the Hindu Kush in the central highlands of Afghanistan, the Bamiyan Valley opens out into a large basin bordered to the north by a long, high stretch of rocky cliffs.
The Cultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley comprise a serial property consisting of eight separate sites within the Valley and its tributaries.
Further to the east along the Bamiyan Valley are the remains of fortification walls and settlements, dating from the 6th to 8th centuries at , where the earlier remains are overlaid by developments of the 10th to 13th centuries under the rule of the Islamic Ghaznavid and Ghorid dynasties.
The Cultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley represent the artistic and religious developments which from the 1st to the 13th centuries characterised ancient Bactria, integrating various cultural influences into the Gandharan school of Buddhist art.
It was an important centre of pilgrimage over many centuries.
Criterion (vi): The Bamiyan Valley is the most monumental expression of the western Buddhism.In de rotsen van Bamiyan zijn twee gigantische Boeddhabeelden - 55 en 38 meter hoog - uitgehouwen.Deze werden echter in 2001 verwoest door de Talibaan.Carved into the are the two niches of the giant Buddha statues (55m and 38m high) destroyed by the Taliban in 2001, and numerous caves forming a large ensemble of Buddhist monasteries, chapels and sanctuaries along the foothills of the valley dating from the 3rd to the 5th century C. In several of the caves and niches, often linked by galleries, there are remains of wall paintings and seated Buddha figures.In the valleys of the Bamiyan's tributaries are further groups of caves including the , some 3km south-east of the Bamiyan Cliffs where among the more than one hundred caves dating from the 6th to 13th centuries are fragments of a 10m tall standing Buddha figure and a sanctuary with painted decorations from the Sasanian period.